pgp - publications
Characterization of intestinal absorption of quinidine, a P-glycoprotein substrate, given as a powder in rats.
Pharmazie. 2012 May;67(5):384-8
Authors: Mori N, Iwamoto H, Yokooji T, Murakami T
The characteristics of intestinal absorption of quinidine, a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrate in biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) Class I, after oral administration as a powder in No. 9 HPMC capsule (diameter 2.6 mm; length 8.4 mm, volume 25 microl) was examined in rats from the following viewpoints: (i) main absorption site of quinidine, (ii) effect of dosage amounts (or luminal concentrations) of quinidine (10 mg vs 0.1 mg/kg), (iii) contribution of P-gp in quinidine absorption (0.1 mg/kg), and (iv) effect of gastric pH on quinidine absorption. Quinidine administered orally at a dose of 10 mg/kg was discharged from the stomach steadily with time and disappeared rapidly from the proximal intestine, where P-gp expression was low. In contrast, quinidine administered at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg remained longer in the gastrointestinal lumen than that administered at a dose of 10 mg/kg. The pretreatment with cyclosporine A, a P-gp inhibitor, greatly increased the intestinal absorption of quinidine given at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg. The gastric pH in untreated control rats was pH 3.6, and the treatment with ranitidine (10mg/kg, ip), a H2 blocker, increased to pH 6.4. The recovered amounts of quinidine 30 min after administration were 21.1% of dose in control rats and 94.7% in ranitidine-treated rats. The value of plasma AUC(0-6h) of quinidine in ranitidine-treated rats was about 40% that in untreated control rats. In conclusion, quinidine was rapidly and efficiently absorbed at the proximal intestine under ordinary circumstances. However, the oral bioavailability was modulated by various factors including the dose (or luminal concentration at the absorption site), presence of P-gp inhibitors, and gastrointestinal pH.
PMID: 22764568 [PubMed - in process]