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Do drug transporter (ABCB1) SNPs and P-glycoprotein function influence cyclosporine and macrolides exposure in renal transplant patients? Results of the pharmacogenomic substudy within the symphony study.


Transpl Int. 2012 Dec 7;


Authors: Llaudó I, Colom H, Giménez-Bonafé P, Torras J, Caldés A, Sarrias M, Cruzado JM, Oppenheimer F, Sánchez-Plumed J, Gentil MA, Ekberg H, Grinyó JM, Lloberas N


Abstract

The function of the efflux pump P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and ABCB1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) should be considered as important tools to deepen knowledge of drug nephrotoxicity and disposition mechanisms. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of C3435T, G2677T, C1236T, and T129C ABCB1 SNPs with Pgp activity and exposure to different immunosuppressive drugs in renal transplant patients. Patients included in the Symphony Pharmacogenomic substudy were genotyped for ABCB1 SNPs. According to the design, patients were randomized into four immunosuppressive regimens: low and standard dose of cyclosporine (n = 30), tacrolimus (n = 13), and sirolimus (n = 23) concomitantly with mycophenolate and steroids. Pgp activity was evaluated in PBMC using the Rhodamine 123 efflux assay. TT carrier patients on C3435T, G2677T, and C1236T SNPs (Pgp-low pumpers) showed lower Pgp activity than noncarriers. Pgp-high pumpers treated with cyclosporine showed lower values of Pgp function than macrolides. There was a negative correlation between cyclosporine AUC and Pgp activity at 3 months. Results did not show any correlation between tacrolimus and sirolimus AUC and Pgp activity at 3 months. We found an important role of the ABCB1 SNPs Pgp function in CD3(+) peripheral blood lymphocytes from renal transplant recipients. Pgp activity was influenced by cyclosporine but not macrolides exposure.

PMID: 23216707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]