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Increased expression and function of P-glycoprotein in peripheral blood CD56+ cells is associated with the chemoresistance of non-small-cell lung cancer.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2012 Jul 11;

Authors: Han L, Wang YF, Zhang Y, Wang N, Guo XJ, Yang JK, Wang KP, Liu SN, Fan QX, Li K, Jiang JH, Wang QD


PURPOSE: Chemoresistance is common among non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the human multi-drug-resistant MDR1 gene, and multidrug-resistance protein 1 (MRP1) might be major contributors. The aim of the present study was to develop an effective method to investigate the expression and function of P-gp in the peripheral CD56+ cells in order to clarify their correlation with the chemoresistance in NSCLC. METHODS: Using microbead technology and a RT-qPCR methodology, we evaluated the expression levels of P-gp and MRP1 in the purified CD56+ cells in the chemoresistance and chemo-naive NSCLC patients compared with that in the healthy volunteers. Flow cytometric analysis was used to investigate the changes of P-gp function in the CD56+ cells between the three cohorts. RESULTS: The MDR1 gene expression was elevated markedly (twofold-tenfold), and P-gp function was increased in the chemoresistance cohort compared with the chemo-naive and the healthy cohorts; whereas there was only about two times averagely elevated for the MRP1 gene expression. No statistical significance (p > 0.05) was seen with respect to the expression of MDR1 and MRP1, the function of P-gp between the chemo-naive and the healthy cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: P-gp in peripheral CD56+ cells demonstrated possible clinical relevance as predictive biomarkers for the identification of chemoresistance in NSCLC, while MRP1 may not play a significant role in the drug resistance in NSCLC. The potential applications for this finding are provided evidence to screen the potential P-gp reversors and to diagnose and manage the chemoresistance in NSCLC patients.

PMID: 22782455 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]