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Influence of the multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein on the intracellular pharmacokinetics of vandetanib.

Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2013 Feb 28;

Authors: Jovelet C, Deroussent A, Broutin S, Paci A, Farinotti R, Bidart JM, Gil S


Efflux transporters play an important role in the resistance of tumor cells against anticancer agents. Interaction between these transporters, including P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and drugs might influence their pharmacological properties and toxicities. The aim of this study was to investigate whether vandetanib (Caprelsa®), a small tyrosine kinase inhibitor, could interact with the multidrug transporter P-gp. Interaction of vandetanib with the P-gp was investigated using the parental cell line (IGROV1) and the P-gp doxorubicin-resistant (IGROV1-DXR) cell line, derived from the parental drug-sensitive IGROV1 cells. Cytotoxicity tests were assessed in both cell lines to examine the impact of P-gp on the cell survival after a vandetanib treatment. The effects of P-gp on vandetanib intracellular pharmacokinetics were investigated. To this aim, we developed a quantitative liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry to quantify vandetanib in cell medium. Results showed that overexpression of P-gp confers resistance to vandetanib in the IGROV1-DXR cell line. Using a LC-MS/MS assay validated in cell medium, cellular pharmacokinetic studies revealed that in cells overexpressing the P-gp intracellular concentrations of vandetanib were decreased compared to parental cell line. For the first time, vandetanib is described as a substrate of P-gp. In tumor cells, P-gp could be responsible for cellular resistance to vandetanib. It may be relevant to the clinical efficacy of vandetanib. Moreover, interaction of vandetanib with P-gp could modify the pharmacodynamics of other conventional chemotherapeutics, substrates of P-gp. It could impact on the overall response to anticancer therapy.

PMID: 23446814 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]