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Inhibition of P-glycoprotein and Glutathione S-transferase-pi mediated resistance by fluoxetine in MCF-7/ADM cells.

Biomed Pharmacother. 2013 May 14;

Authors: Zhang Y, Zhou T, Duan J, Xiao Z, Li G, Xu F


Chemotherapy is important in the systematic treatment of breast cancer. While multidrug resistance (MDR) is the main obstacle in chemotherapy, a reversal reagent with high reversal effect but low toxicity is the hotspot issue at present to overcome MDR. Antidepressant fluoxetine (FLX) is a potential new highly effective chemosensitizer, however, the possible mechanism is unclear. In this study, the effect of FLX on multidrug resistance mediated by P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and glutathione S-transferase-pi (GST-π) were researched in resistant/sensitive breast cancer cells. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) was used to determine the cells viability after being incubated with FLX/Adriamycin (ADM)/Paclitaxel (PTX) alone or FLX-ADM, FLX-PTX combination. Western blot was performed to assay the expression of P-gp and GST-π proteins. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) were performed to assay the level of MDR1 mRNA. The results showed that pre-treatment with FLX enhance cytotoxicity significantly both on resistant and sensitive cells, downregulated the expression of P-gp and GST-π proteins in resistance cells, decreased the MDR1 mRNA by FLX-PTX combination only. No P-gp and GST-π were detected in sensitive cells. Our research thus indicated that FLX reverse the breast cancer cell's resistance and enhance the chemosensitivity by regulating P-gp and GST-π levels.

PMID: 23731711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]