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Insights in the chemical components of liposomes responsible for P-glycoprotein inhibition.


Nanomedicine. 2013 Jul 10;


Authors: Kopecka J, Salzano G, Campia I, Lusa S, Ghigo D, De Rosa G, Riganti C


Abstract

In this work we investigated how the surface charge and the presence of polyethylene glycol (PEG) on liposome carriers affect the delivery of the encapsulated doxorubicin in P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-overexpressing cells. We found that neutral net charge was critical to favour the liposome uptake and decrease the Vmax of doxorubicin efflux. PEG-coating was necessary to increase the Km of doxorubicin for Pgp. In particular the PEGylated phospholipid present in neutral liposomes, i.e. PEGylated distearoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (DSPE-PEG), was a Pgp allosteric inhibitor, increased doxorubicin Km and inhibited Pgp ATPase activity. Site-directed mutagenesis experiments suggested that the domain centred around glycine 185 of Pgp was necessary for these inhibitory properties of DSPE-PEG and PEGylated neutral liposomes. We conclude that both surface charge and PEGylation must be considered to optimize the doxorubicin delivery within chemoresistant cells. DSPE-PEG-enriched particles may represent promising tools for therapeutic and diagnostic applications in tissues with high levels of Pgp.

PMID: 23850894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]