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Reversal of P-gp and MRP1-mediated multidrug resistance by H6, a gypenoside aglycon from Gynostemma Pentaphyllum, in vincristine-resistant human oral cancer (KB/VCR) cells.

Eur J Pharmacol. 2012 Oct 7;

Authors: Zhu H, Liu Z, Tang L, Liu J, Zhou M, Xie F, Wang Z, Wang Y, Shen S, Hu L, Yu L


Multidrug resistance (MDR) to anticancer drugs is a major obstacle to successful chemotherapy in the treatment of cancers. Identification of natural compounds capable of circumventing MDR with minimal adverse side effects is an attractive goal. Here, we found that H6, a gypenoside aglycon from Gynostemma pentaphyllum, displayed potent anti-MDR activity. Average resistant fold (RF) of H6 is 1.03 and 1.04 in KB/VCR and MCF-7/ADR cells compared to their parental cells. H6 alone ranging from 2 to 40μmol/l (μM) did not display a significant anti-proliferative effect on KB/VCR cells and other cells, while the compound at these concentrations enhanced the cytotoxicity of Vincristine (VCR) to KB/VCR cells. H6 showed a significant synergistic effect in combination with VCR. By quantification of sub-G(1) fraction cells, H6 also enhanced the VCR-induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. The short time treatment with H6 increased the intracellular accumulation of Rhodamine 123 (Rho123) and 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein diacetate (CFDA) in KB/VCR cells. Further studies showed that H6 treatment resulted in the decrease of the RNA transcript level of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). H6 inhibited the function of P-gp by stimulating P-gp ATPase activity and decreased MRP1 expression with a blockade of STAT3 phosphorylation. These findings suggest that H6, a multi-targets reversal agent with no significant toxic effect, may be a potential candidate to circumvent the P-gp and MRP1-mediated MDR.

PMID: 23051672 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]