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Reversion of P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance by guggulsterone in multidrug-resistant human cancer cell lines.

Eur J Pharmacol. 2012 Aug 30;

Authors: Xu HB, Xu LZ, Li L, Fu J, Mao XP


Multidrug resistance (MDR) presents a serious problem in cancer chemotherapy. Our previous studies have shown that guggulsterone could reverse MDR through inhibiting the function and expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). The present study is to further investigate the reversal effects of guggulsterone on MDR in drug-resistant cancer cell lines. The effects of guggulsterone on MDR1mRNA gene expression, intracellular pH, P-gp ATPase activity and glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) expression were assessed by RT-PCR, Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope using the pH-sensitive fluorescent probe BCECF-AM, Pgp-Glo assay system, and flow cytometric technology, respectively. The results showed that guggulsterone ranging from 2.5 to 80μM significantly promoted the activity of P-gp ATPase in a dose-dependent manner. The intracellular pH of K562/DOX cells was found to be higher than K562 cells. After treatment with guggulsterone (1, 3, 10, 30, 100μM), intracellular pH of K562/DOX cells decreased in a dose- and time-dependent manner. However, the present study revealed that guggulsterone ranging from 3 to 100μM had little influence on MDR1 gene expression in K562/DOX cells. Further, the isogenic doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7/DOX cells exhibited a 4.9-fold increase in GCS level as compared with parental MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. After treatment with guggulsterone (0.1, 1, 10μM) for 48h, MCF-7/DOX cells were found to have no change of GCS protein expression amount. Guggulsterone might be a potent MDR reversal agent, and its mechanism on MDR needs more research.

PMID: 22960326 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]