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Sunitinib Reverse Multidrug Resistance in Gastric Cancer Cells by Modulating Stat3 and Inhibiting P-gp Function.

Cell Biochem Biophys. 2013 Mar 8;

Authors: Zhang Y, Wang Q


Sunitinib, a small-molecule multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been applied in phase II clinical trial as second-line treatment for advanced gastric cancer. In this study, we determined the effect of Sunitinib on the multidrug resistance in gastric cancer cells selected by vincristine. Our results showed that Sunitinib significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of adriamycin, vincristine, etoposide, 5-Fluorouracil, and cisplatin in multidrug-resistant gastric cancer cells (SGC7901/VCR). Sunitinib significantly increased the intracellular accumulation and retention of rhodamine 123 in the SGC7901/VCR cells. However, Sunitinib, at a concentration that reverses MDR, had no significant effect on P-gp protein or mRNA expression levels. In addition, the present study revealed that Sunitinib inhibited Stat3 and down-regulated Bcl-2 in SGC7901/VCR cells, which might also contribute to the reversal of MDR. In conclusion, Sunitinib reverses multidrug resistance in gastric cancer cells by inhibiting P-gp transporter function and modulating Stat3 and Bcl-2. Further study with Sunitinib may be helpful for developing combination therapeutic strategy or circumventing gastric cancer MDR to other conventional anti-cancer drugs.

PMID: 23471661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]